OAHU NATURE TOURS

BIRD PHOTO GALLERY
OF THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES

287 species photographed to date. All photos by Michael Walther



These bird photographs are copyrighted and cannot be used for any reason without the prior permission of Oahu Nature Tours, Inc. Our photos are for sale as digital or printed images and available for one time use for publications and other media.
  Oahu Nature Tours, Inc., 1995

 
DUCKS, GEESE, AND SWANS

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck   Dendrocygna autumnalis
Fulvous Whistling-Duck   Dendrocygna bicolor
Taiga Bean-Goose   Anser fabalis
Tundra Bean-Goose   Anser serrirostris
Pink-footed Goose   Anser brachyrhynchus
Graylag Goose  
Greater White-fronted Goose   Anser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted Goose   Anser erythropus
Emperor Goose   Chen canagica
Snow Goose   Chen caerulescens
Ross's Goose   Chen rossii
Cackling Goose   Branta hutchinsii
Canada Goose   Branta canadensis
Brant   Branta bernicla
Barnacle Goose   Branta leucopsis
Mute Swan   Cygnus olor
Trumpeter Swan   Cygnus buccinator
Tundra Swan   Cygnus columbianus
Whooper Swan   Cygnus cygnus
Muscovy Duck   Cairina moschata
Wood Duck   Aix sponsa
Gadwall   Anas strepera
Falcated Duck   Anas falcata
Eurasian Wigeon   Anas penelope
American Wigeon   Anas americana
American Black Duck   Anas rubripes
Mallard   Anas platyrhynchos
Mottled Duck   Anas fulvigula
Eastern Spot-billed Duck   Anas zonorhyncha
Blue-winged Teal   Anas discors
Cinnamon Teal   Anas cyanoptera
Northern Shoveler   Anas clypeata
White-cheeked Pintail   Anas bahamensis
Northern Pintail   Anas acuta
Garganey   Anas querquedula
Baikal Teal   Anas formosa
Green-winged Teal   Anas crecca
Canvasback   Aythya valisineria
Redhead   Aythya americana
Common Pochard   Aythya ferina
Ring-necked Duck   Aythya collaris
Tufted Duck   Aythya fuligula
Greater Scaup   Aythya marila
Lesser Scaup   Aythya affinis
Steller Eider   Polysticta stelleri
Spectacled Eider   Somateria fischeri
King Eider   Somateria spectabilis
Common Eider   Somateria mollissima
Harlequin Duck   Histrionicus histrionicus
Labrador Duck   Camptorhynchus labradorius
Surf Scoter   Melanitta perspicillata
White-winged Scoter   Melanitta fusca
Black Scoter   Melanitta nigra
Long-tailed Duck   Clangula hyemalis
Bufflehead   Bucephala albeola
Common Goldeneye   Bucephala clangula
Barrow's Goldeneye   Bucephala islandica
Smew   Mergellus albellus
Hooded Merganser   Lophodytes cucullatus
Common Merganser   Mergus merganser
Red-breasted Merganser   Mergus serrator
Masked Duck   Nomonyx dominicus
Ruddy Duck   Oxyura jamaicensis
CURASSOWS AND GUANS

Plain Chachalaca   Ortalis vetula

PARTRIDGES, GROUSE, TURKEYS, AND OLD WORLD QUAIL

Chukar   Alectoris chukar
Himalayan Snowcock   Tetraogallus himalayensis
Gray Partridge   Perdix perdix
Ring-necked Pheasant   Phasianus colchicus
Ruffed Grouse   Bonasa umbellus
Greater Sage-Grouse   Centrocercus urophasianus
Gunnison Sage-Grouse   Centrocercus minimus
Willow Ptarmigan   Lagopus lagopus
Rock Ptarmigan   Lagopus mutus
White-tailed Ptarmigan   Lagopus leucurus
Spruce Grouse   Dendragapus canadensis
Dusky Grouse   Dendragapus obscurus
Sooty Grouse   Dendragapus fuliginosus
Sharp-tailed Grouse   Tympanuchus phasianellus
Columbian Sharp-tailed Grouse   T. phasianellus columbianus
Greater Prairie-Chicken   Tympanuchus cupido
Lesser Prairie-Chicken   Tympanuchus pallidicinctus
Wild Turkey   Meleagris gallopavo

NEW WORLD QUAIL

Mountain Quail   Oreortyx pictus
Scaled Quail   Callipepla squamata
California Quail   Callipepla californica
Gambel's Quail   Callipepla gambelii
Northern Bobwhite   Colinus virginianus
Montezuma Quail   Cyrtonyx montezumae

LOONS

Red-throated Loon   Gavia stellata
Arctic Loon   Gavia arctica
Pacific Loon   Gavia pacifica
Common Loon   Gavia immer
Yellow-billed Loon   Gavia adamsii
GREBES

Least Grebe   Tachybaptus dominicus
Pied-billed Grebe   Podilymbus podiceps
Horned Grebe   Podiceps auritus
Red-necked Grebe   Podiceps grisegena
Eared Grebe   Podiceps nigricollis
Western Grebe   Aechmorphorus occidentalis
Clark's Grebe   Aechmorphorus clarkii

FLAMINGOS

American Flamingo   Phoenicopterus ruber

ALBATROSSES

Yellow-nosed Albatross   Thalassarche chlororhynchos
Shy Albatross   Thalassarche cauta
Black-browed Albatross   Thalassarche melanophris
Light-mantled Albatross   Phoebetria palpebrata
Wandering Albatross   Diomedea exulans
Laysan Albatross   Phoebastria immutabilis
Black-footed Albatross   Phoebastria nigripes
Short-tailed Albatross   Phoebastria albatrus

SHEARWATERS AND PETRELS

Northern Fulmar   Fulmarus glacialis
Great-winged Petrel   Pterodroma macroptera
Herald Petrel   Pterodroma arminjoniana
Murphy's Petrel   Pterodroma ultima
Mottled Petrel   Pterodroma inexpectata
Bermuda Petrel   Pterodroma cahow
Black-capped Petrel   Pterodroma hasitata
Dark-rumped" Petrel   Pterodroma phaeopygia/sandwichensis complex
Fea's/Zino's Petrel   Pterodroma feae/madeira complex
Cook's Petrel   Pterodroma cookii
Stejneger's Petrel   Pterodroma longirostris
Bulwer's Petrel  
White-chinned Petrel   Procellaria aequinoctialis
Parkinson's Petrel   Procellaria parkinsoni
Streaked Shearwater   Calonectris leucomelas
Cory's Shearwater    Calonectris diomedea
Cape Verde Shearwater   Calonectris edwardsii
Pink-footed Shearwater   Puffinus creatopus
   Puffinus carneipes
Greater Shearwater   Puffinus gravis
Wedge-tailed Shearwater   Puffinus pacificus
Buller's Shearwater   Puffinus bulleri
Sooty Shearwater   Puffinus griseus
Short-tailed Shearwater   Puffinus tenuirostris
Manx Shearwater   Puffinus puffinus
Townsend's Shearwater   Puffinus auricularis
Black-vented Shearwater   Puffinus opisthomelas
Audubon's Shearwater   Puffinus lherminieri
  
  
  
  

STORM-PETRELS

Wilson's Storm-Petrel   Oceanites oceanicus
White-faced Storm-Petrel   Pelagodroma marina
Black-bellied Storm-Petrel    Fregetta tropica
European Storm-Petrel   Hydrobates pelagicus
Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel   Oceanodroma furcata
Ringed Storm-petrel   Oceanodroma hornbyi
Leach's Storm-Petrel   Oceanodroma leucorhoa
Ashy Storm-Petrel   Oceanodroma homochroa
Band-rumped Storm-Petrel   Oceanodroma castro
Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel   Oceanodroma tethys
Black Storm-Petrel   Oceanodroma melania
Least Storm-Petrel   Oceanodroma microsoma
Tristram's Storm-Petrel   Oceanodroma tristrami

TROPICBIRDS

White-tailed Tropicbird   Phaethon lepturus
   Phaethon aethereus
Red-tailed Tropicbird   Phaethon rubricauda

BOOBIES AND GANNETS

Masked Booby   Sula dactylatra
Blue-footed Booby   Sula nebouxii
Brown Booby   Sula leucogaster
Red-footed Booby   Sula sula
Northern Gannet   Morus bassanus

PELICANS

American White Pelican   Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
Brown Pelican   Pelecanus occidentalis

CORMORANTS

Brandt's Cormorant   Phalacrocorax penicillatus
Neotropic Cormorant   Phalacrocorax brasilianus
Double-crested Cormorant   Phalacrocorax auritus
Great Cormorant   Phalacrocorax carbo
Red-faced Cormorant   Phalacrocorax urile
Pelagic Cormorant   Phalacrocorax pelagicus

DARTERS

Anhinga   Anhinga anhinga

FRIGATEBIRDS

Magnificent Frigatebird   Fregata magnificens
Great Frigatebird   Fregata minor
Lesser Frigatebird   Fregata ariel

BITTERNS, HERONS, AND EGRETS

American Bittern   Botaurus lentiginosus
Yellow Bittern   Ixobrychus sinensis
Least Bittern   Ixobrychus exilis
Great Blue Heron   Ardea herodias
Gray Heron   Ardea cinerea
Great Egret   Ardea alba
Intermediate Egret   Mesophoyx intermedia
Chinese Egret   Egretta eulophotes
Little Egret   Egretta garzetta
Western Reef-Heron   Egretta gularis
Snowy Egret   Egretta thula
Little Blue Heron   Egretta caerulea
Tricolored Heron   Egretta tricolor
Reddish Egret   Egretta rufescens
Cattle Egret   Bubulcus ibis
Chinese Pond-Heron   Ardeola bacchus
Green Heron   Butorides virescens
Black-crowned Night-Heron   Nycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron   Nyctanassa violacea

IBISES AND SPOONBILLS

American White Ibis   Eudocimus albus
Scarlet Ibis   Eudocimus ruber
Glossy Ibis   Plegadis falcinellus
White-faced Ibis   Plegadis chihi
Roseate Spoonbill   Ajaia ajaja

STORKS

Jabiru   Jabiru mycteria
Wood Stork   Mycteria americana

NEW WORLD VULTURES

Black Vulture   Coragyps atratus
Turkey Vulture   Cathartes aura
California Condor   Gymnogyps californianus
EAGLES, KITES, AND ALLIES

Osprey   Pandion haliaetus
Hook-billed Kite   Chondrohierax uncinatus
Swallow-tailed Kite   Elanoides forficatus
White-tailed Kite   Elanus leucurus
Snail Kite   Rostrhamus sociabilis
Mississippi Kite   Ictinia mississippiensis
Bald Eagle   Haliaeetus leucocephalus
White-tailed Eagle   Haliaeetus albicilla
Steller's Sea-Eagle   Haliaeetus pelagicus
Northern Harrier   Circus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned Hawk   Accipiter striatus
Cooper's Hawk   Accipiter cooperii
Northern Goshawk   Accipiter gentilis
Crane Hawk   Geranospiza caerulescens
Common Black-Hawk   Buteogallus anthracinus
Harris's Hawk   Parabuteo unicinctus
Gray Hawk   Buteo nitidus
Roadside Hawk   Buteo magnirostris
Red-shouldered Hawk   Buteo lineatus
Broad-winged Hawk   Buteo platypterus
Short-tailed Hawk   Buteo brachyurus
Swainson Hawk   Buteo swainsoni
White-tailed Hawk   Buteo albicaudatus
Zone-tailed Hawk   Buteo albonotatus
Red-tailed Hawk   Buteo jamaicensis
Ferruginous Hawk  
Rough-legged Hawk   Buteo lagopus
Golden Eagle   Aquila chrysaetos
CARACARAS AND FALCONS

Collared Forest-Falcon   Micrastur semitorquatus
Crested Caracara   Caracara cheriway
Eurasian Kestrel   Falco tinnunculus
American Kestrel   Falco sparverius
Merlin   Falco columbarius
Eurasian Hobby   Falco subbuteo
Red-footed Falcon   Falco vespertinus
Aplomado Falcon   Falco femoralis
Gyrfalcon   Falco rusticolus
Peregrine Falcon   Falco peregrinus
Prairie Falcon   Falco mexicanus

RAILS, GALLINULES, AND COOTS

Yellow Rail   Coturnicops noveboracensis
Black Rail   Laterallus jamaicensis
Corn Crake   Crex crex
Clapper Rail  
King Rail   Rallus elegans
Virginia Rail   Rallus limicola
Sora   Porzana carolina
Paint-billed Crake  
Spotted Rail   Pardirallus maculatus
Purple Gallinule   Porphyrio martinica
Common Moorhen   Gallinula chloropus
Eurasian Coot   Fulica atra
American Coot   Fulica americana
LIMPKINS

Limpkin   Aramus guarauna

CRANES

Sandhill Crane   Grus canadensis
Common Crane   Grus grus
Whooping Crane   Grus americana

THICK-KNEES

Double-striped Thick-knee   Burhinus bistriatus

LAPWINGS AND PLOVERS

Northern Lapwing   Vanellus vanellus
Black-bellied Plover   Pluvialis squatarola
European Golden Plover   Pluvialis apricaria
American Golden Plover   Pluvialis dominica
Pacific Golden Plover   Pluvialis fulva
Lesser Sand Plover   Charadrius mongolus
Greater Sand Plover   Charadrius leschenaultii
Collared Plover   Charadrius collaris
Snowy Plover   Charadrius alexandrinus
Wilson Plover   Charadrius wilsonia
Common Ringed Plover   Charadrius hiaticula
Semipalmated Plover   Charadrius semipalmatus
Piping Plover   Charadrius melodus
Little Ringed Plover   Charadrius dubius
Killdeer   Charadrius vociferus
Mountain Plover   Charadrius montanus
Eurasian Dotterel   Charadrius morinellus

OYSTERCATCHERS

Eurasian Oystercatcher   Haematopus ostralegus
American Oystercatcher   Haematopus palliatus
Black Oystercatcher   Haematopus bachmani

STILTS AND AVOCETS

Black-winged Stilt   Himantopus himantopus
Black-necked Stilt   Himantopus mexicanus
American Avocet   Recurvirostra americana
JACANAS

Northern Jacana   Jacana spinosa

SANDPIPERS AND ALLIES

Common Greenshank   Tringa nebularia
Greater Yellowlegs   Tringa melanoleuca
Lesser Yellowlegs   Tringa flavipes
Marsh Sandpiper   Tringa stagnatilis
Common Redshank   Tringa totanus
Spotted Redshank   Tringa erythropus
Wood Sandpiper   Tringa glareola
Green Sandpiper   Tringa ochropus
Solitary Sandpiper   Tringa solitaria
Willet   Catoptrophorus semipalmatus
Wandering Tattler   Heteroscelus incanus
Gray-tailed Tattler   Heteroscelus brevipes
Common Sandpiper   Actitis hypoleucos
Spotted Sandpiper   Actitis macularia
Terek Sandpiper   Xenus cinereus
Upland Sandpiper   Bartramia longicauda
Little Curlew   Numenius minutus
Whimbrel   Numenius phaeopus
Bristle-thighed Curlew   Numenius tahitiensis
Far Eastern Curlew    Numenius madagascariensis
Slender-billed Curlew   Numenius tenuirostris
Eurasian Curlew   Numenius arquata
Long-billed Curlew   Numenius americanus
Black-tailed Godwit   Limosa limosa
Hudsonian Godwit   Limosa haemastica
Bar-tailed Godwit   Limosa lapponica
Marbled Godwit   Limosa fedoa
Ruddy Turnstone   Arenaria interpres
Black Turnstone   Arenaria melanocephala
Surfbird   Aphriza virgata
Great Knot   Calidris tenuirostris
Red Knot   Calidris canutus
Sanderling   Calidris alba
Semipalmated Sandpiper   Calidris pusilla
Western Sandpiper   Calidris mauri
Red-necked Stint   Calidris ruficollis
   Calidris minuta
Temminck's Stint   Calidris temminckii
Long-toed Stint   Calidris subminuta
Least Sandpiper   Calidris minutilla
White-rumped Sandpiper   Calidris fuscicollis
Baird's Sandpiper   Calidris bairdii
Pectoral Sandpiper   Calidris melanotos
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper   Calidris acuminata
Purple Sandpiper   Calidris maritima
Rock Sandpiper   Calidris ptilocnemis
Dunlin   Calidris alpina
Curlew Sandpiper   Calidris ferruginea
Stilt Sandpiper   Calidris himantopus
Spoon-billed Sandpiper    Eurynorhynchus pygmeus
Broad-billed Sandpiper   Limicola falcinellus
Buff-breasted Sandpiper  
Ruff   Philomachus pugnax
Short-billed Dowitcher   Limnodromus griseus
Long-billed Dowitcher   Limnodromus scolopaceus
Jack Snipe   Lymnocryptes minimus
Wilson's Snipe   Gallinago delicata
Common Snipe   Gallinago gallinago
Pin-tailed Snipe   Gallinago stenura
Eurasian Woodcock    Scolopax rusticola
American Woodcock   Scolopax minor
Wilson's Phalarope   Phalaropus tricolor
Red-necked Phalarope   Phalaropus lobatus
Red Phalarope   Phalaropus fulicarius

PRATINCOLES

Oriental Pratincole   Glareola maldivarum

GULLS, TERNS, AND SKIMMERS

Swallow-tailed Gull   Creagrus furcatus
Black-legged Kittiwake   Rissa tridactyla
Red-legged Kittiwake   Rissa brevirostris
Ivory Gull   Pagophila eburnea
Sabine's Gull   Xema sabini
Bonaparte's Gull   Chroicocephalus philadelphia
Gray-hooded Gull   Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus
Black-headed Gull   Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Little Gull   Hydrocoleus minutus
Ross's Gull   Rhodostethia rosea
Laughing Gull   Leucophaeus atricilla
Franklin's Gull   Leucophaeus pipixcan
Belcher's Gull   Larus belcheri
Black-tailed Gull   Larus crassirostris
Heermann's Gull   Larus heermanni
Mew Gull   Larus canus
Ring-billed Gull   Larus delawarensis
Western Gull   Larus occidentalis
Yellow-footed Gull   Larus livens
California Gull   Larus californicus
Herring Gull   Larus argentatus
Yellow-legged Gull   Larus cachinnans
Thayer's Gull   Larus thayeri
Iceland Gull   Larus glaucoides
Lesser Black-backed Gull   Larus fuscus
Slaty-backed Gull   Larus schistisagus
Glaucous-winged Gull   Larus glaucescens
Glaucous Gull   Larus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed Gull   Larus marinus
Kelp Gull   Larus dominicanus
Gull-billed Tern   Gelochelidon nilotica

Caspian Tern   Hydroprogne caspia
Royal Tern   Sterna maxima
Elegant Tern   Sterna elegans
Sandwich Tern   Sterna sandvicensis
Roseate Tern   Sterna dougallii
Common Tern   Sterna hirundo
Arctic Tern   Sterna paradisaea
Forster Tern   Sterna forsteri
Least Tern   Sternula antillarum
Aleutian Tern   Onychoprion aleutica
Bridled Tern   Onychoprion anaethetus
Sooty Tern   Onychoprion fuscata
Large-billed Tern   Phaetusa simplex
White-winged Tern   Chlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered Tern   Chlidonias hybridus
Black Tern   Chlidonias niger
Brown Noddy   Anous stolidus
Black Noddy   Anous minutus
Black Skimmer   Rynchops niger
SKUAS

Great Skua   Stercorarius skua
South Polar Skua   Stercorarius maccormicki
Pomarine Jaeger   Stercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic Jaeger   Stercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed Jaeger   Stercorarius longicaudus

AUKS, MURRES, AND PUFFINS

Dovekie   Alle alle
Common Murre   Uria aalge
Thick-billed Murre   Uria lomvia
Razorbill   Alca torda
Black Guillemot   Cepphus grylle
Pigeon Guillemot   Cepphus columba
Long-billed Murrelet   Brachyramphus perdix
Marbled Murrelet   Brachyramphus marmoratus
Kittlitz's Murrelet   Brachyramphus brevirostris
Xantus's Murrelet   Synthliboramphus hypoleucus
Craveri's Murrelet   Synthliboramphus craveri
Ancient Murrelet   Synthliboramphus antiquus
Cassin's Auklet   Ptychoramphus aleuticus
Parakeet Auklet   Aethia psittacula
Least Auklet   Aethia pusilla
Whiskered Auklet   Aethia pygmaea
Crested Auklet   Aethia cristatella
Rhinoceros Auklet   Cerorhinca monocerata
Atlantic Puffin   Fratercula arctica
Horned Puffin   Fratercula corniculata
Tufted Puffin   Fratercula cirrhata

PIGEONS AND DOVES

Rock Dove   Columba livia
Scaly-naped Pigeon   Patagioenas squamosa
White-crowned Pigeon   Patagioenas leucocephala
Red-billed Pigeon   Patagioenas flavirostris
Band-tailed Pigeon   Patagioenas fasciata
Oriental Turtle-Dove   Streptopelia orientalis
European Turtle-Dove   Streptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared-Dove   Streptopelia decaocto
Spotted Dove   Streptopelia chinensis
White-winged Dove   Zenaida asiatica
Zenaida Dove   Zenaida aurita
Mourning Dove   Zenaida macroura
Inca Dove   Columbina inca
Common Ground-Dove   Columbina passerina
Ruddy Ground-Dove   Columbina talpacoti
White-tipped Dove   Leptotila verreauxi
Key West Quail-Dove   Geotrygon chrysia
Ruddy Quail-Dove   Geotrygon montana

LORIES AND LORIKEETS, PARAKEETS, MACAWS, AND PARROTS

Budgerigar   Melopsittacus undulatus
Monk Parakeet   Myiopsitta monachus
Carolina Parakeet   Conuropsis carolinensis
Green Parakeet   Aratinga holochlora
Thick-billed Parrot   Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha
White-winged Parakeet   Brotogeris versicolurus
Red-crowned Parrot   Amazona viridigenalis
Black-hooded Parakeet   Nandayus nenday

CUCKOOS, ROADRUNNERS, AND ANIS

Common Cuckoo   Cuculus canorus
Oriental Cuckoo   Cuculus saturatus
Black-billed Cuckoo   Coccyzus erythropthalmus
Yellow-billed Cuckoo   Coccyzus americanus
Mangrove Cuckoo   Coccyzus minor
Greater Roadrunner   Geococcyx californianus
Smooth-billed Ani   Crotophaga ani
Groove-billed Ani   Crotophaga sulcirostris

BARN OWLS

Barn Owl   Tyto alba

TYPICAL OWLS

Flammulated Owl   Otus flammeolus
Oriental Scops-Owl   Otus sunia
Western Screech-Owl   Megascops kennicottii
Eastern Screech-Owl   Megascops asio
Whiskered Screech-Owl   Megascops trichopsis
Great Horned Owl   Bubo virginianus
Snowy Owl   Bubo Scandiacus
Northern Hawk Owl   Surnia ulula
Northern Pygmy Owl   Glaucidium gnoma
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl   Glaucidium brasilianum
Elf Owl   Micrathene whitneyi
Burrowing Owl   Athene cunicularia
Mottled Owl  
Spotted Owl   Strix occidentalis
Barred Owl   Strix varia
Great Gray Owl   Strix nebulosa
Long-eared Owl   Asio otus
Stygian Owl   Asio stygius
Short-eared Owl   Asio flammeus
Boreal Owl   Aegolius funereus
Northern Saw-whet Owl   Aegolius acadicus
Brown Hawk-Owl   Ninox scutulata

NIGHTJARS

Lesser Nighthawk   Chordeiles acutipennis
Common Nighthawk   Chordeiles minor
Antillean Nighthawk   Chordeiles gundlachii
Common Pauraque   Nyctidromus albicollis
Common Poorwill   Phalaenoptilus nuttallii
Chuck-will's-widow   Caprimulgus carolinensis
Buff-collared Nightjar   Caprimulgus ridgwayi
Whip-poor-will   Caprimulgus vociferus
Gray Nightjar   Caprimulgus indicus

SWIFTS

Black Swift   Cypseloides niger
White-collared Swift   Streptoprocne zonaris
Chimney Swift   Chaetura pelagica
Vaux's Swift   Chaetura vauxi
White-throated Needletail   Hirundapus caudacutus
Common Swift   Apus apus
Fork-tailed Swift   Apus pacificus
White-throated Swift   Aeronautes saxatalis
Antillean Palm-Swift   Tachornis phoenicobia

HUMMINGBIRDS

Green Violetear   Colibri thalassinus
Green-breasted Mango   Anthracothorax prevostii
   Cynanthus latirostris
White-eared Hummingbird   Hylocharis leucotis
Xantus's Hummingbird   Hylocharis xantusii
Berylline Hummingbird   Amazilia beryllina
Buff-bellied Hummingbird   Amazilia yucatanensis
Cinnamon Hummingbird  
Violet-crowned Hummingbird   Amazilia violiceps
Blue-throated Hummingbird   Lampornis clemenciae
Magnificent Hummingbird   Eugenes fulgens
Plain-capped Starthroat   Heliomaster constantii
Bahama Woodstar   Calliphlox evelynae
Lucifer Hummingbird   Calothorax lucifer
Ruby-throated Hummingbird   Archilochus colubris
Black-chinned Hummingbird   Archilochus alexandri
Anna's Hummingbird   Calypte anna
Costa's Hummingbird   Calypte costae
Calliope Hummingbird   Stellula calliope
Bumblebee Hummingbird   Atthis heloisa
Broad-tailed Hummingbird   Selasphorus platycercus
Rufous Hummingbird   Selasphorus rufus
Allen's Hummingbird   Selasphorus sasin

TROGONS

Elegant Trogon   Trogon elegans
Eared Quetzal   Euptilotis neoxenus

HOOPOES

Eurasian Hoopoe   Upupa epops

KINGFISHERS

Ringed Kingfisher   Megaceryle torquata
Belted Kingfisher   Megaceryle alcyon
Green Kingfisher   Chloroceryle americana

WOODPECKERS, SAPSUCKERS, AND FLICKERS

Eurasian Wryneck   Jynx torquilla
Lewis's Woodpecker   Melanerpes lewis
Red-headed Woodpecker   Melanerpes erythrocephalus
Acorn Woodpecker   Melanerpes formicivorus
Gila Woodpecker   Melanerpes uropygialis
Golden-fronted Woodpecker   Melanerpes aurifrons
Red-bellied Woodpecker   Melanerpes carolinus
Williamson's Sapsucker   Sphyrapicus thyroideus
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker   Sphyrapicus varius
Red-naped Sapsucker   Sphyrapicus nuchalis
Red-breasted Sapsucker   Sphyrapicus ruber
Great Spotted Woodpecker   Dendrocopos major
Ladder-backed Woodpecker   Picoides scalaris
Nuttall's Woodpecker   Picoides nuttallii
Downy Woodpecker   Picoides pubescens
Hairy Woodpecker   Picoides villosus
Arizona Woodpecker   Picoides arizonae
Red-cockaded Woodpecker   Picoides borealis
White-headed Woodpecker   Picoides albolarvatus
American Three-toed Woodpecker   Picoides dorsalis
Black-backed Woodpecker   Picoides arcticus
Northern Flicker   Colaptes auratus
Gilded Flicker   Colaptes chrysoides
Pileated Woodpecker   Dryocopus pileatus
  

TYRANT FLYCATCHERS

Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet   Camptostoma imberbe
Greenish Elaenia   Myiopagis viridicata
Caribbean Elaenia   Elaenia martinica
Tufted Flycatcher  
Olive-sided Flycatcher   Contopus cooperi
Greater Pewee   Contopus pertinax
Western Wood-Pewee   Contopus sordidulus
Eastern Wood-Pewee   Contopus virens
Cuban Pewee   Contopus caribaeus
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher   Empidonax flaviventris
Acadian Flycatcher   Empidonax virescens
Alder Flycatcher   Empidonax alnorum
Willow Flycatcher   Empidonax traillii
Least Flycatcher   Empidonax minimus
Hammond's Flycatcher  
Gray Flycatcher   Empidonax wrightii
Dusky Flycatcher   Empidonax oberholseri
Pacific-slope Flycatcher   Empidonax difficilis
Cordilleran Flycatcher   Empidonax occidentalis
Buff-breasted Flycatcher   Empidonax fulvifrons
Black Phoebe   Sayornis nigricans
Eastern Phoebe   Sayornis phoebe
Say's Phoebe   Sayornis saya
Vermilion Flycatcher   Pyrocephalus rubinus
Dusky-capped Flycatcher   Myiarchus tuberculifer
Ash-throated Flycatcher   Myiarchus cinerascens
Nutting's Flycatcher   Myiarchus nuttingi
Great Crested Flycatcher   Myiarchus crinitus
Brown-crested Flycatcher    Myiarchus tyrannulus
La Sagra' s Flycatcher   Myiarchus sagrae
Great Kiskadee   Pitangus sulphuratus
Social Flycatcher   Myiozetetes similis
Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher   Myiodynastes luteiventris
Piratic Flycatcher   Legatus leucophaius
Variegated Flycatcher   Empidonomus varius
   Tyrannus melancholicus
Couch's Kingbird   Tyrannus couchii
Cassin's Kingbird   Tyrannus vociferans
Thick-billed Kingbird   Tyrannus crassirostris
Western Kingbird   Tyrannus verticalis
Eastern Kingbird   Tyrannus tyrannus
Gray Kingbird   Tyrannus dominicensis
Loggerhead Kingbird   Tyrannus caudifasciatus
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher   Tyrannus forficatus
Fork-tailed Flycatcher   Tyrannus savana
Rose-throated Becard   Pachyramphus aglaiae
Masked Tityra   Tityra semifasciata

SHRIKES

Brown Shrike   Lanius cristatus
Loggerhead Shrike   Lanius ludovicianus
Northern Shrike   Lanius excubitor

VIREOS

White-eyed Vireo   Vireo griseus
Thick-billed Vireo   Vireo crassirostris
Bell's Vireo   Vireo bellii
Black-capped Vireo   Vireo atricapilla
Gray Vireo   Vireo vicinior
Yellow-throated Vireo   Vireo flavifrons
Plumbeous Vireo   Vireo plumbeus
Cassin's Vireo   Vireo cassinii
Blue-headed Vireo   Vireo solitarius
Hutton's Vireo   Vireo huttoni
Warbling Vireo   Vireo gilvus
Philadelphia Vireo   Vireo philadelphicus
Red-eyed Vireo   Vireo olivaceus
Yellow-green Vireo   Vireo flavoviridis
Black-whiskered Vireo   Vireo altiloquus
Yucatan Vireo   Vireo magister

JAYS, CROWS, MAGPIES, AND RAVENS

Gray Jay   Perisoreus canadensis
Steller's Jay   Cyanocitta stelleri
Blue Jay   Cyanocitta cristata
Green Jay   Cyanocorax yncas
Brown Jay   Cyanocorax morio
Florida Scrub Jay   Aphelocoma coerulescens
Island Scrub Jay   Aphelocoma insularis
Western Scrub Jay  Aphelocoma californica
Mexican Jay   Aphelocoma ultramarina
Pinyon Jay   Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus
Clark's Nutcracker   Nucifraga columbiana
Black-billed Magpie   Pica hudsonia
Yellow-billed Magpie   Pica nuttalli
Eurasian Jackdaw   Corvus monedula
American Crow   Corvus brachyrhynchos
Northwestern Crow   Corvus caurinus
Tamaulipas Crow   Corvus imparatus
Fish Crow   Corvus ossifragus
Chihuahuan Raven   Corvus cryptoleucus
Common Raven   Corvus corax
LARKS

Sky Lark   Alauda arvensis
Horned Lark   Eremophila alpestris
SWALLOWS AND MARTINS

Purple Martin   Progne subis
Cuban Martin   Progne cryptoleuca
Gray-breasted Martin   Progne chalybea
Southern Martin   Progne elegans
Brown-chested Martin   Progne tapera
Tree Swallow   Tachycineta bicolor
Mangrove Swallow   Tachycineta albilinea
Violet-green Swallow   Tachycineta thalassina
Bahama Swallow   Tachycineta cyaneoviridis
Northern Rough-winged Swallow   Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Bank Swallow   Riparia riparia
Cliff Swallow   Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
Cave Swallow   Petrochelidon fulva
Barn Swallow   Hirundo rustica
House Martin   Delichon urbica

CHICKADEES AND TITMICE

Carolina Chickadee   Poecile carolinensis
Black-capped Chickadee   Poecile atricapilla
Mountain Chickadee   Poecile gambeli
Mexican Chickadee   Poecile sclateri
Chestnut-backed Chickadee   Poecile rufescens
Boreal Chickadee   Poecile hudsonica
Gray-headed Chickadee   Poecile cincta
Bridled Titmouse   Baeolophus wollweberi
Oak Titmouse   Baeolophus inornatus
Juniper Titmouse   Baeolophus ridgwayi
Tufted Titmouse   Baeolophus bicolor
Black-crested Titmouse   Baeolophus atricristatus

VERDIN

Verdin   Auriparus flaviceps
BUSHTITS

Bushtit   Psaltriparus minimus

NUTHATCHES

Red-breasted Nuthatch   Sitta canadensis
White-breasted Nuthatch   Sitta carolinensis
Pygmy Nuthatch   Sitta pygmaea
Brown-headed Nuthatch   Sitta pusilla

TREECREEPERS

Brown Creeper   Certhia americana

WRENS

Cactus Wren   Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus
Rock Wren   Salpinctes obsoletus
Canyon Wren   Catherpes mexicanus
Carolina Wren   Thryothorus ludovicianus
Bewick's Wren   Thryomanes bewickii
House Wren   Troglodytes aedon
Winter Wren   Troglodytes troglodytes
Sedge Wren   Cistothorus platensis
Marsh Wren    Cistothorus palustris

DIPPERS

American Dipper   Cinclus mexicanus
BULBULS

Red-whiskered Bulbul   Pycnonotus jocosus

KINGLETS

Golden-crowned Kinglet   Regulus satrapa
Ruby-crowned Kinglet   Regulus calendula

OLD WORLD WARBLERS AND GNATCATCHERS

Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warbler    Locustella ochotensis
Lanceolated Warbler   Locustella lanceolata
Sedge Warbler   Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Willow Warbler   Phylloscopus trochilus
Wood Warbler   Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Dusky Warbler  
   Phylloscopus inornatus
Pallas's Warbler   Phylloscopus proregulus
Arctic Warbler   Phylloscopus borealis
Lesser Whitethroat   Sylvia curruca
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher   Polioptila caerulea
California Gnatcatcher   Polioptila californica
Black-tailed Gnatcatcher   Polioptila melanura
Black-capped Gnatcatcher  

OLD WORLD FLYCATCHERS

Narcissus Flycatcher   Ficedula narcissina
Mugimaki Flycatcher   Ficedula mugimaki
Red-breasted Flycatcher   Ficedula parva
Dark-sided Flycatcher   Muscicapa sibirica
Grey-streaked Flycatcher    Muscicapa griseisticta
Asian Brown Flycatcher   Muscicapa dauurica
Spotted Flycatcher   Muscicapa striata

THRUSHES

Siberian Rubythroat   Luscinia calliope
Bluethroat   Luscinia svecica
Siberian Blue Robin   Luscinia cyane
Red-flanked Bluetail   Tarsiger cyanurus
Northern Wheatear   Oenanthe oenanthe
Stonechat   Saxicola torquatus
Eastern Bluebird   Sialia sialis
Western Bluebird   Sialia mexicana
Mountain Bluebird   Sialia currucoides
Townsend's Solitaire   Myadestes townsendi
Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush   Catharus aurantiirostris
Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush   Catharus mexicanus
Veery   Catharus fuscescens
Gray-cheeked Thrush   Catharus minimus
Bicknell's Thrush   Catharus bicknelli
Swainson Thrush   Catharus ustulatus
Hermit Thrush   Catharus guttatus
Wood Thrush   Hylocichla mustelina
Eurasian Blackbird   Turdus merula
Eyebrowed Thrush   Turdus obscurus
Dusky Thrush   Turdus naumanni
Fieldfare   Turdus pilaris
Redwing   Turdus iliacus
Song Thrush   Turdus philomelos
Clay-colored Thrush   Turdus grayi
White-throated Thrush   Turdus assimilis
Rufous-backed Robin   Turdus rufopalliatus
American Robin   Turdus migratorius
Varied Thrush   Ixoreus naevius
Aztec Thrush   Ridgwayia pinicola

BABBLERS

Wrentit   Chamaea fasciata

MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHERS

Gray Catbird  
Northern Mockingbird   Mimus polyglottos
Bahama Mockingbird   Mimus gundlachii
Sage Thrasher   Oreoscoptes montanus
Brown Thrasher   Toxostoma rufum
Long-billed Thrasher   Toxostoma longirostre
Bendire's Thrasher   Toxostoma bendirei
Curve-billed Thrasher   Toxostoma curvirostre
California Thrasher   Toxostoma redivivum
Crissal Thrasher   Toxostoma crissale
Le Conte's Thrasher   Toxostoma lecontei
Blue Mockingbird   Melanotis caerulescens

STARLINGS AND MYNAS

European Starling   Sturnus vulgaris
Common Myna   Acridotheres tristis

ACCENTORS

Siberian Accentor   Prunella montanella

WAGTAILS AND PIPITS

Eastern Yellow Wagtail   Motacilla tschutschensis
Citrine Wagtail   Motacilla citreola
Grey Wagtail   Motacilla cinerea
White Wagtail   Motacilla alba
Tree Pipit   Anthus trivialis
Olive-backed Pipit   Anthus hodgsoni
Pechora Pipit   Anthus gustavi
Red-throated Pipit   Anthus cervinus
American Pipit   Anthus rubescens
Sprague's Pipit   Anthus spragueii

WAXWINGS

Bohemian Waxwing   Bombycilla garrulus
Cedar Waxwing   Bombycilla cedrorum
SILKY FLYCATCHERS

Gray Silky-flycatcher   Ptilogonys cinereus
Phainopepla   Phainopepla nitens
OLIVE WARBLER

Olive Warbler   Peucedramus taeniatus

WOOD WARBLERS

Bachman's Warbler   Vermivora bachmanii
Blue-winged Warbler   Vermivora pinus
Golden-winged Warbler   Vermivora chrysoptera
Tennessee Warbler   Vermivora peregrina
Orange-crowned Warbler   Vermivora celata
Nashville Warbler   Vermivora ruficapilla
Virginia's Warbler   Vermivora virginiae
Colima Warbler   Vermivora crissalis
Lucy's Warbler   Vermivora luciae
Crescent-chested Warbler   Parula superciliosa
Northern Parula   Parula americana
Tropical Parula   Parula pitiayumi
Yellow Warbler   Dendroica petechia
Chestnut-sided Warbler   Dendroica pensylvanica
Magnolia Warbler   Dendroica magnolia
Cape May Warbler   Dendroica tigrina
Black-throated Blue Warbler   Dendroica caerulescens
Yellow-rumped Warbler   Dendroica coronata
Black-throated Gray Warbler   Dendroica nigrescens
Golden-cheeked Warbler   Dendroica chrysoparia
Black-throated Green Warbler   Dendroica virens
Townsend's Warbler   Dendroica townsendi
Hermit Warbler   Dendroica occidentalis
Blackburnian Warbler   Dendroica fusca
Yellow-throated Warbler   Dendroica dominica
Grace's Warbler   Dendroica graciae
Pine Warbler   Dendroica pinus
Kirtland's Warbler   Dendroica kirtlandii
Prairie Warbler   Dendroica discolor
Palm Warbler   Dendroica palmarum
Bay-breasted Warbler   Dendroica castanea
Blackpoll Warbler   Dendroica striata
Cerulean Warbler   Dendroica cerulea
Black-and-white Warbler   Mniotilta varia
American Redstart   Setophaga ruticilla
Prothonotary Warbler   Protonotaria citrea>
Worm-eating Warbler   Helmitheros vermivorus
Swainson's Warbler   Limnothlypis swainsonii
Ovenbird   Seiurus aurocapilla
Northern Waterthrush   Seiurus noveboracensis
Louisiana Waterthrush   Seiurus motacilla
Kentucky Warbler   Oporornis formosus
Connecticut Warbler   Oporornis agilis
Mourning Warbler   Oporornis philadelphia
MacGillivray's Warbler   Oporornis tolmiei
Common Yellowthroat   Geothlypis trichas
Gray-crowned Yellowthroat   Geothlypis poliocephala
Hooded Warbler   Wilsonia citrina
Wilson Warbler   Wilsonia pusilla
Canada Warbler   Wilsonia canadensis
Red-faced Warbler   Cardellina rubrifrons
Painted Redstart   Myioborus pictus
Slate-throated Redstart   Myioborus miniatus
Fan-tailed Warbler   Euthlypis lachrymosa
Golden-crowned Warbler   Basileuterus culicivorus
Rufous-capped Warbler   Basileuterus rufifrons
Yellow-breasted Chat   Icteria virens

BANANAQUIT

Bananaquit   Coereba flaveola

TANAGERS

Hepatic Tanager   Piranga flava
Summer Tanager   Piranga rubra
Scarlet Tanager   Piranga olivacea
Western Tanager   Piranga ludoviciana
Flame-colored Tanager   Piranga bidentata
Western Spindalis   Spindalis zena

AMERICAN SPARROWS, TOWHEES, JUNCOS, AND LONGSPURS

White-collared Seedeater   Sporophila torqueola
Yellow-faced Grassquit   Tiaris olivacea
Black-faced Grassquit   Tiaris bicolor
Olive Sparrow   Arremonops rufivirgatus
Green-tailed Towhee   Pipilo chlorurus
Spotted Towhee   Pipilo maculatus
Eastern Towhee   Pipilo erythrophthalmus
Canyon Towhee   Pipilo fuscus
California Towhee   Pipilo crissalis
Abert's Towhee   Pipilo aberti
Rufous-winged Sparrow   Aimophila carpalis
Cassin's Sparrow   Aimophila cassinii
Bachman's Sparrow   Aimophila aestivalis
Botteri's Sparrow   Aimophila botterii
Rufous-crowned Sparrow   Aimophila ruficeps
Five-striped Sparrow   Aimophila quinquestriata
American Tree Sparrow   Spizella arborea
Chipping Sparrow   Spizella passerina
Clay-colored Sparrow   Spizella pallida
Brewer's Sparrow   Spizella breweri
Field Sparrow   Spizella pusilla
Worthen's Sparrow   Spizella wortheni
Black-chinned Sparrow   Spizella atrogularis
Vesper Sparrow   Pooecetes gramineus
Lark Sparrow   Chondestes grammacus
Black-throated Sparrow   Amphispiza bilineata

Sage Sparrow   Amphispiza belli
Lark Bunting   Calamospiza melanocorys
Savannah Sparrow   Passerculus sandwichensis
Grasshopper Sparrow   Ammodramus savannarum
Baird's Sparrow   Ammodramus bairdii
Henslow's Sparrow   Ammodramus henslowii
Le Conte's Sparrow   Ammodramus leconteii
Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow   Ammodramus nelsoni
Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow   Ammodramus caudacutus
Seaside Sparrow   Ammodramus maritimus
Fox Sparrow   Passerella iliaca
Song Sparrow   Melospiza melodia
Lincoln's Sparrow   Melospiza lincolnii
Swamp Sparrow   Melospiza georgiana
White-throated Sparrow   Zonotrichia albicollis
Harris's Sparrow   Zonotrichia querula
White-crowned Sparrow   Zonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned Sparrow   Zonotrichia atricapilla
Dark-eyed Junco   Junco hyemalis
Yellow-eyed Junco   Junco phaeonotus
McCown's Longspur   Calcarius mccownii
Lapland Longspur   Calcarius lapponicus
Smith's Longspur   Calcarius pictus
Chestnut-collared Longspur   Calcarius ornatus
Pine Bunting   Emberiza leucocephalos
Little Bunting   Emberiza pusilla
Yellow-browed Bunting   Emberiza chrysophrys
Rustic Bunting   Emberiza rustica
Yellow-throated Bunting   Emberiza elegans
Yellow-breasted Bunting   Emberiza aureola
Gray Bunting   Emberiza variabilis
Pallas's Bunting   Emberiza pallasi
Reed Bunting   Emberiza schoeniclus
Snow Bunting   Plectrophenax nivalis
McKay's Bunting   Plectrophenax hyperboreus
CARDINALS, SALTATORS, AND GROSBEAKS

Crimson-collared Grosbeak   Rhodothraupis celaeno
Northern Cardinal   Cardinalis cardinalis
Pyrrhuloxia   Cardinalis sinuatus
Yellow Grosbeak   Pheucticus chrysopeplus
Rose-breasted Grosbeak   Pheucticus ludovicianus
Black-headed Grosbeak   Pheucticus melanocephalus
Blue Bunting   Cyanocompsa parellina
Blue Grosbeak   Passerina caerulea
Lazuli Bunting   Passerina amoena
Indigo Bunting   Passerina cyanea
Varied Bunting   Passerina versicolor
Painted Bunting   Passerina ciris
Dickcissel   Spiza americana

BLACKBIRDS, MEADOWLARKS, COWBIRDS, GRACKLES, AND ORIOLES

Bobolink   Dolichonyx oryzivorus
Red-winged Blackbird   Agelaius phoeniceus
Tricolored Blackbird   Agelaius tricolor
Tawny-shouldered Blackbird   Agelaius humeralis
Eastern Meadowlark   Sturnella magna
Western Meadowlark   Sturnella neglecta
Yellow-headed Blackbird   Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Rusty Blackbird   Euphagus carolinus
Brewer's Blackbird   Euphagus cyanocephalus
Common Grackle   Quiscalus quiscula
Boat-tailed Grackle   Quiscalus major
Great-tailed Grackle   Quiscalus mexicanus
Shiny Cowbird   Molothrus bonariensis
Bronzed Cowbird   Molothrus aeneus
Brown-headed Cowbird   Molothrus ater
Black-vented Oriole   Icterus wagleri
Orchard Oriole   Icterus spurius
Hooded Oriole   Icterus cucullatus
Streak-backed Oriole   Icterus pustulatus
Bullock's Oriole   Icterus bullockii
Spot-breasted Oriole   Icterus pectoralis
Altamira Oriole   Icterus gularis
Audubon's Oriole   Icterus graduacauda
Baltimore Oriole   Icterus galbula
Scott's Oriole   Icterus parisorum

FINCHES

Common Chaffinch   Fringilla coelebs
Brambling   Fringilla montifringilla
Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch   Leucosticte tephrocotis
Black Rosy-Finch   Leucosticte atrata
Brown-capped Rosy-Finch   Leucosticte australis
Pine Grosbeak   Pinicola enucleator
Common Rosefinch   Carpodacus erythrinus
Purple Finch   Carpodacus purpureus
Cassin's Finch   Carpodacus cassinii
House Finch   Carpodacus mexicanus
Red Crossbill   Loxia curvirostra
White-winged Crossbill   Loxia leucoptera
Common Redpoll   Carduelis flammea
Hoary Redpoll   Carduelis hornemanni
Eurasian Siskin   Carduelis spinus
Pine Siskin  
Lesser Goldfinch   Carduelis psaltria
Lawrence's Goldfinch   Carduelis lawrencei
American Goldfinch   Carduelis tristis
Oriental Greenfinch   Carduelis sinica
Eurasian Bullfinch   Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Evening Grosbeak   Coccothraustes vespertinus
Hawfinch   Coccothraustes coccothraustes

OLD WORLD SPARROWS

House Sparrow   Passer domesticus
Eurasian Tree Sparrow   Passer montanus


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